Dr. Amit Ghose

Blog Kidney

Advancements in Kidney Stone Treatment: Improving Patient Outcomes

Kidney stones, once a painful and challenging condition to manage, have seen significant advancements in treatment options in recent years. However, these developments have not only enhanced patient comfort but also improved outcomes and reduced the need for invasive procedures. Through this blog post, brought to you by the top urologist in Kolkata, let’s explore some of the notable advancements in the treatment of kidney stones –

  • Minimally Invasive Procedures:
  • Lithotripsy: Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) has been a revolutionary advancement in kidney stone treatment. This non-invasive procedure uses shock waves to break large stones into smaller fragments, which can then pass more easily through the urinary tract.
  • Ureteroscopy: With the advent of smaller and more flexible instruments, ureteroscopy has become a preferred method for treating stones located in the ureter or kidney. This minimally invasive procedure involves passing a thin, flexible scope through the urethra and bladder to reach the stone, allowing for direct visualization and fragmentation using laser energy.
  • Holmium Laser Technology: It is important to note that holmium laser lithotripsy has emerged as a highly effective and versatile tool for fragmenting kidney stones. This laser technology delivers precise energy to break down stones of varying composition while minimizing damage to surrounding tissues. It is particularly useful for treating larger or more complex stones.
  • Metabolic Evaluation and Prevention: An important aspect of kidney stone management is identifying and addressing underlying metabolic abnormalities that contribute to stone formation. Advanced metabolic evaluation techniques help a urologist in Kolkata to assess patients’ risk factors and develop personalized prevention strategies, which may include dietary modifications, hydration therapy, or pharmacological interventions.
  • Pharmacological Therapies: Pharmacological advancements have expanded the options for medical management of kidney stones. Drugs such as alpha-blockers and potassium citrate may help relax the muscles in the ureter and prevent stone formation by altering urine composition, respectively. Additionally, medications targeting specific metabolic abnormalities, such as hypercalciuria or hyperuricosuria, can aid in kidney stone prevention.

Conclusion: Over the years, the landscape of kidney stone treatment has evolved significantly, offering patients a wide range of minimally invasive options with improved efficacy and reduced morbidity. From innovative surgical techniques to personalized preventive strategies, these advancements underscore the commitment of a urologist in Kolkata to optimize patient care and quality of life in the management of kidney stones.

Kidney Blog

What if You Have Hematuria? – Listen to The Best Urologist in Kolkata!

Hematuria, which is the presence of blood in the urine, can be a concerning symptom that warrants urgent medical attention from a urologist in Kolkata. The presence of blood in the urine can be either visible (gross hematuria) or microscopic (microscopic hematuria), which means it’s only detectable under a microscope.

Here’s what you should do if you have hematuria or blood in your urine –

  • Seek Immediate Medical Attention: If you notice blood in your urine, it is immensely important to consult the best urologist in Kolkata
  • Undergo Proper Evaluation: Your urologist will likely perform a thorough evaluation to determine the cause of hematuria. This may include a physical examination, review of medical history, urine tests (urinalysis and urine culture), imaging studies (such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI), and possibly cystoscopy (a procedure to examine the bladder and urinary tract with a thin, flexible tube).
  • Follow Treatment Recommendations: Treatment for hematuria will depend on the underlying cause. For example, if a urinary tract infection is identified, antibiotics may be prescribed. If kidney stones are the culprit, treatment may involve pain management and measures to help pass the stones naturally or surgical intervention in some cases. If a more serious condition like bladder cancer is suspected, further diagnostic tests and treatment options will be discussed with you.
  • Monitor Symptoms: Even if the initial cause of hematuria is identified and treated, it is important to continue monitoring your symptoms and follow up with your urologist in Kolkata as recommended. Remember that recurrence of hematuria or the development of new symptoms should prompt further evaluation.

In a nutshell, it can be said that while hematuria can be alarming, not all cases indicate a serious underlying condition. However, it is essential to take any signs of blood in the urine seriously and seek medical attention from the best urologist in Kolkata for proper evaluation and further treatment.



5 Signs That You Have a Bad Urological Health and Need to See a Urologist

Bad urological health means having a bundle of health hazards. Therefore, to keep your urological health good, along with seeing a urologist in Kolkata regularly, it is also important to identify the warning signs of bad urological health. The major 5 signs indicating potential issues with urological health include –

5 Signs that Indicate You Have a Bad Urological Health

  1. Changes in Urination: According to every urologist in Kolkata, any changes in urination patterns can be indicative of urological problems. This includes increased frequency, urgency, pain or burning during urination, difficulty starting or maintaining a stream, dribbling after urination, or blood in the urine.
  2. Pelvic Pain: Persistent or recurring pain in the pelvic region, lower abdomen, or lower back could signal urological issues such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones, or bladder problems.
  3. Urinary Incontinence: Involuntary leakage of urine, whether it is a small amount or a significant loss of bladder control, can be a sign of various urological conditions such as overactive bladder, stress incontinence, or neurological issues affecting bladder function.
  4. Erectile Dysfunction: Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection can be a symptom of underlying urological conditions such as erectile dysfunction, prostate problems, or nerve damage.
  5. Changes in Urine Color or Odor: Last but not least, unusual changes in the color, odor, or clarity of urine may indicate urinary tract infections, dehydration, or other urological issues.

However, if you experience any of these symptoms or have concerns about your urological health, it is highly important to consult with the best urologist in Kolkata for proper evaluation and management. Remember that early detection and treatment of urological conditions can often lead to better outcomes.


7 Effective Ways To Keep Your Bladder Healthy In The Long Term

Bladder Health

7 Effective Ways To Keep Your Bladder Healthy In The Long Term

The bladder is one of the vital organs in the urinary system, responsible for storing and eliminating urine from the body. Therefore, maintaining good bladder health is crucial for overall well-being and quality of life. Are you wondering about how you can keep your bladder health well? Let a renowned urologist in Kolkata provide you with 7 effective tips to promote bladder health in the long term –

7 ways you can keep your bladder health well

  1. Stay Hydrated: Firstly, and most importantly, drink plenty of water throughout the day. Remember that proper hydration helps flush out toxins from the body and supports overall urinary health. However, excessive consumption of caffeinated or alcoholic beverages can also irritate the bladder, so moderation is key.
  2. Practice Good Bathroom Habits: Empty your bladder regularly, and avoid holding in urine for extended periods. When you feel the urge to urinate, respond promptly. Holding in urine can contribute to bladder irritation and may increase the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs).
  3. Maintain a Healthy Diet: A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains supports overall health, including bladder health. Some foods, like citrus fruits, tomatoes, spicy foods, and artificial sweeteners, may irritate the bladder in some individuals. Therefore, be mindful of your dietary choices.
  4. Limit Caffeine and Alcohol: It is important to note that caffeine and alcohol can act as diuretics, increasing urine production and potentially irritating the bladder. Limit the intake of coffee, tea, and alcoholic beverages, especially if you notice a correlation between their consumption and bladder irritation.
  5. Quit Smoking: Every reputable urologist in Kolkata links smoking to an increased risk of bladder cancer. Even, it can also contribute to bladder irritation. Therefore, quitting smoking can have numerous health benefits, including better bladder health.
  6. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight can put extra pressure on the bladder and pelvic muscles. Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can help prevent bladder issues.
  7. Practice Pelvic Floor Exercises: Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles can help prevent urinary incontinence and support overall bladder health. For example, Kegel exercises are a common and effective way to strengthen these muscles.

To conclude, if you experience persistent or worsening bladder symptoms, such as acute pain, frequent urination, or incontinence, it is important to consult with the top urologist in Kolkata for a proper diagnosis and personalized advice. Remember that regular check-ups and preventive measures can contribute to long-term bladder health.


What Are The Problems That Men Often Face When Struggling With Prostate Cancer?

Prostate Cancer

What Are The Problems That Men Often Face When Struggling With Prostate Cancer?

Did you know that prostate cancer can present various challenges for men, affecting different aspects of their physical, emotional, and social well-being? While individual experiences can vary widely, some common problems that men may face when struggling with prostate cancer are here in this blog, brought to you by the top urologist in Kolkata!

7 Common Problems that Men Often Face When Struggling with Prostate Cancer

  1. Physical Symptoms: Prostate cancer can lead to several physical symptoms such as urinary problems (frequency, urgency, difficulty in urination), blood in the urine or semen, erectile dysfunction, and discomfort or pain in the pelvic area. However, these symptoms are often so disturbing and affect the quality of life.
  2. Treatment Side Effects: Common treatments for prostate cancer, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy, can have several side effects. However, these may include fatigue, nausea, changes in sexual function, urinary incontinence, and bowel problems.
  3. Emotional Impact: A prostate cancer diagnosis and subsequent treatments can have a significant emotional impact. Men may experience anxiety, depression, fear, and uncertainty about their future. Coping with the emotional aspects of the diagnosis is a crucial part of overall well-being.
  4. Impact on Relationships: Prostate cancer and its treatments can affect intimate relationships. As a result, issues related to sexual function, emotional well-being, and communication may arise, and both the patient and their partner may need support to navigate these changes.
  5. Fear of Recurrence: The fear of cancer recurrence is common among cancer survivors, irrespective of the type of cancer. Regular follow-up appointments with an experienced urologist in Kolkata and monitoring the overall health can be stressful, as individuals may worry about the cancer returning.
  6. Impact on Work and Finances: Treatment and recovery may lead to changes in employment status, work capacity, or financial strain due to medical expenses. Balancing work and treatment can be challenging, and some men may face discrimination or stigma related to their health status.
  7. Impact on Quality of Life: Last but not least, prostate cancer and its treatments can impact a man’s overall quality of life. Fatigue, pain, and changes in physical function may affect daily activities and the ability to engage in some hobbies or social interactions.

Therefore, it is important for men facing prostate cancer to have a supportive healthcare team, access to mental health services, and a network of friends and family. Remember that open communication with a urologist in Kolkata can help address some of these challenges. Additionally, involving a partner or caregiver in the process can provide valuable emotional and practical support as well.


Who is More Prone To Kidney Cancer?

Kidney Cancer

Who is More Prone To Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer has turned out to be one of the most common urological cancers nowadays. While the exact cause of kidney cancer is often unknown, certain groups of people are more prone to this type of cancer. According to the top urologist in Kolkata, some of the most common risk factors for kidney cancer include –

  • Age: Firstly, it is important to note that the risk of kidney cancer increases with age, and it is more commonly diagnosed in people over the age of 40.
  • Smoking: Cigarette smoking is a significant risk factor for kidney cancer. Smokers have a higher likelihood of developing the disease compared to non-smokers.
  • Obesity: The Best Urologist in Kolkata opines that being overweight or obese increases the risk of kidney cancer. Maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise may help reduce this risk.
  • Family History: Individuals with a family history of kidney cancer may have an elevated risk, particularly if a first-degree relative (parent, sibling, or child) has had kidney cancer.
  • Hereditary Conditions: Certain genetic conditions, such as von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma, and Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome, are linked to an increased risk of kidney cancer.
  • Occupational Exposures: Some workplace exposures to certain substances, such as asbestos, cadmium, and certain herbicides, have been associated with an increased risk of kidney cancer.
  • Gender and Race: Men are generally more likely to develop kidney cancer than women. Certain racial and ethnic groups, such as African Americans and American Indians, may also have a slightly higher risk.
  • Other Kidney Disease: Individuals with certain kidney diseases, such as end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or those who have undergone kidney transplantation, may have an increased risk of kidney cancer.

However, it is important to note that kidney cancer can occur in individuals without any known risk factors. Conversely, having one or more risk factors does not necessarily mean that someone will definitely develop kidney cancer. Regular check-ups, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and avoiding known risk factors, such as smoking, can contribute to overall health and potentially reduce the risk of kidney cancer.

Therefore, if you have concerns about your risk for kidney cancer, it is highly advisable to discuss them with a urologist in Kolkata who can provide personalized guidance based on your specific situation.


What Are The 10 Possible Reasons For Frequent Urination?​

Reasons for frequent urination

What Are The 10 Possible Reasons For Frequent Urination?

According to every urologist in Kolkata, frequent urination can be caused by various factors, and it is important to note that multiple reasons may contribute to these symptoms. In today’s blog, we will explore some common reasons for a frequent urge to urinate –

10 Reasons for frequent urination
  1. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Infections of the urinary tract, particularly the bladder (cystitis), can lead to irritation and inflammation, resulting in a frequent need to urinate.
  2. Diabetes: Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can cause increased urine production, leading to frequent urination.
  3. Overactive Bladder (OAB): OAB is a condition characterized by sudden, involuntary contractions of the muscles in the bladder wall. This can cause an urgent need to urinate even when the bladder is not full.
  4. Interstitial Cystitis: This chronic condition involves inflammation of the bladder lining, leading to increased frequency and urgency of urination.
  5. Enlarged Prostate: In men, an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH) can obstruct the flow of urine, causing more frequent urination, especially at night.
  6. Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and the growing uterus during pregnancy can exert pressure on the bladder, leading to more frequent urination.
  7. Diuretic Medications: Certain medications, such as diuretics used to treat hypertension, can increase urine production and result in more frequent urination.
  8. Bladder or Kidney Stones: The presence of stones in the bladder or kidneys can cause irritation and a frequent urge to urinate.
  9. Neurological Issues: Conditions affecting the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis, can disrupt the normal signals between the brain and the bladder, leading to increased frequency.
  10. Caffeine and Alcohol Consumption: Both caffeine and alcohol are diuretics that can increase urine production and contribute to more frequent urination.

If you are experiencing a frequent urge to urinate, it is essential to consult with the best urologist in Kolkata for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment based on the underlying cause.


Kidney-Friendly Diet that Ensures Good Kidney Health​

Kidney Friendly Diet

Kidney-Friendly Diet that Ensures Good Kidney Health

Remember that maintaining a kidney-friendly diet is highly crucial for individuals with kidney issues or those looking to promote overall kidney health. Here are some general guidelines from the top urologist in Kolkata about the ideal dietary plan for good kidney health –

  • Control Protein Intake: Limit high-protein foods, as excessive protein can strain the kidneys. However, it is essential to consult with a urologist in Kolkata to determine the appropriate amount of protein for your specific condition.
  • Monitor Sodium Intake: Reduce salt (sodium) intake to help manage blood pressure and fluid balance. Therefore, avoid processed foods, canned soups, and salty snacks. You can use herbs, spices, and other flavorings to season food instead of salt.
  • Control Phosphorus and Potassium: If advised by a healthcare provider, limit foods high in phosphorus and potassium. However, this may include dairy products, nuts, seeds, bananas, oranges, and tomatoes.
  • Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to help flush out toxins. However, individual fluid needs may vary, so it is essential to follow your healthcare provider’s advice on fluid intake.
  • Choose Heart-Healthy Fats: You must opt for healthy fats such as olive oil, avocados, and fatty fish like salmon. Limit saturated and trans fats found in fried foods, processed snacks, and certain oils.
  • Monitor Sugar Intake: Control your intake of added sugars, as diabetes and high blood sugar levels can contribute to kidney problems. Therefore, limit sugary beverages, candies, and desserts.

Nevertheless, it is crucial to individualize dietary recommendations based on your specific health condition, and consulting the best kidney doctor in Kolkata or a registered dietitian is essential to create a personalized plan that suits your needs for healthy kidneys.


What To Know About Kidney Cancer In Women?

kidney cancer in women

What To Know About Kidney Cancer In Women?

Though the rate of kidney cancer developing in men is almost twice more likely than in women, women after a certain age are seen to be diagnosed with kidney cancer. So, it is important to be aware of the key aspects related to kidney cancer in women as well. Listen to the best urologist in Kolkata and note the points.

Incidence and Age:

Kidney cancer is more common in men than in women. However, the incidence of kidney cancer in women has been increasing. The risk tends to rise with age, and it is most commonly diagnosed in people over 45 years old.


Common symptoms of kidney cancer may include blood in the urine (hematuria), pain or discomfort in the side or lower back, a lump in the abdomen, unexplained weight loss, and fatigue. It is important to note that these symptoms can be caused by various conditions, and a proper medical evaluation is necessary for an accurate diagnosis.

Risk Factors:

Certain factors may increase the risk of developing kidney cancer in women. These include smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, long-term dialysis treatment, and a family history of kidney cancer.

Hormonal Influences:

Hormonal factors may play a major role in kidney cancer in women. Some studies suggest that the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after menopause may be associated with a slightly increased risk.

Survival Rates:

The prognosis for kidney cancer can vary depending on the stage at which it is diagnosed. Remember that early detection and treatment generally lead to better outcomes. Survival rates for kidney cancer have improved over the years due to advancements in treatment.

However, it is crucial for women to be aware of their risk factors, pay attention to any potential symptoms, and seek prompt medical attention from an experienced urologist in Kolkata if they experience any concerning signs.