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Prostate Cancer


Awareness on Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer generally occurs in men beyond middle age and is uncommon in men under 45 years.
The exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, but in some cases it may run in families. It is becoming more common in the developed world. Men who eat a high-fat diet or who are black may have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer may arise from an imbalance of certain body chemicals that control the growth and division of cells in the prostate gland. There may also be damage to the genetic material (DNA) in the prostate cells, causing uncontrolled growth of the cells.
Prostate cancer usually develops in the outer part of the prostate gland. Cancer often causes a change in the texture of the gland making it firmer, which may be detected by a doctor during a digital rectal examination (DRE).
Prostate cancer may also be diagnosed when prostate tissue is removed during surgery to reduce the size of an enlarged prostate, or if suspected, through a blood test Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA).

Prostate Cancer Cause
The exact cause of prostate cancer is not known. But experts believe that age of the males and family history (genetics) may have something to do with chances of getting the disease.

The prostate usually gets larger as you age. Having an enlarged prostate (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, or BPH) is very common among older men and does not increase your chance of getting prostate cancer. But an enlarged prostate is sometimes caused by prostate cancer instead of BPH.

What Happens
Prostate cancer is a common cancer affecting older men. It usually takes years to become large enough to cause any problems. Sometimes, though it grows quickly.

Many prostate cancers are found early, when the cancer cells are only in the prostate. When prostate cancer spreads beyond the prostate, it goes first to the lymph nodes in the pelvis, and then on to the bones, lungs, or other organs. About 16 out of 100 men suffer from prostate cancer, but only about 3 die because of it. That means about 97 out of 100 men die of some other diseases than Prostate cancer.